Thứ Năm, 11 tháng 10, 2018

Youtube daily Oct 11 2018

[♪ INTRO ]

In our daily social lives, we're constantly doing things that — on the surface — don't make much sense.

We'll pretend we're not interested in someone when we actually have a huge crush on them.

Or we'll tell our friends about a job promotion, but make it sound like no big deal.

And all the time, people donate to charities anonymously.

To evolutionary biologists, these behaviors are puzzling because usually, if you do something

good, you get rewarded for it with a boost to your reputation.

That may not be why you did it, but you still get a nice thing in return.

And that's important, because it's how so-called prosocial behaviors get reinforced.

But if you hide the fact that you did something good, then, well, all bets are off.

Same thing with trying to find a partner.

It usually makes zero sense to hide that you like someone — or to look less attractive by down playing your strengths.

And yet, humans are expert concealers.

We love playing hard to get, and we strive for modesty.

As natural as these behaviors are, scientists have only recently started to understand them in detail

— and in some cases, they're turning to game theory to figure things out.

Now, you might be thinking, well, of course we do all this stuff — we don't want to look like narcissistic jerks!

In many cultures, you have to be modest to be considered polite.

Numerous studies have even shown that modest people are thought of more positively by others.

Well, there are several ideas about why this is.

One suggests that being modest is helpful because you come off as non-threatening.

Others suggest that it's all about boosting the self-esteem of the people around you.

By not presenting yourself in the most glowing light, you can let them feel superior, and put them in a jolly mood.

You, in turn, end up getting the equivalent of up-votes.

So, all in all, modesty is a pretty good tactic in social situations.

Still, these ideas don't fully explain things like anonymous donations.

Or, why we pay big bucks for a brand name handbag that has only a very subtle tag on it.

That's where the game theory comes in.

This year, researchers at Harvard and the Institute of Science and Technology Austria used evolutionary game theory to make sense of these conundrums.

Classical game theory tries to model and understand how people in competition with others make rational decisions.

Think war strategy, like figuring out whether to drop a bomb, given what you think your opponent will do in return.

Evolutionary game theory is similar, but it doesn't require someone to be making an active decision.

For that reason, it's useful in biology, because scientists can use it to identify tactics that work well for populations

— like why peacocks would have evolved such elaborate and showy feathers.

But it doesn't have to necessarily be about biological evolution.

Social scientists use it, too, to understand how certain behaviors become entrenched.

Like our odd habit of hiding information.

In this experiment, the team created what they call a signal-burying game to identify

scenarios in which concealment becomes a somewhat common strategy.

The game didn't involve any actual people — it was all just a computer simulation.

But it did provide good insights.

In it, two virtual people are paired up for an economic interaction.

Some are senders, meaning they can send a signal to the other party, if they so choose

— a sort of memo announcing how strong of a potential business partner they are.

The other people are receivers, who have varying levels of pickiness in terms of whom they'll partner with.

There were a bunch of other details to this, and whether or not a receiver decided to work

with a sender ultimately depended on formulas programmed into the game.

But the detail that really matters is that the sender didn't have to send an obvious signal about their status.

They also had the option to send a hidden or buried one, which had some chance of being discovered by the receiver

— kind of like "accidentally" leaving their resume in the break room.

And if it was discovered, the receiver knew it was meant to be a secret.

Running the simulation under a variety of conditions, the team learned that signal-burying does appear to be a good strategy in some cases.

Specifically, if there was a good chance that the hidden signal would eventually be noticed,

or, if the sender only cared about the picky receivers, it made sense to keep things on the D-L.

Essentially, that's because the scientists found that hiding information is itself a signal to others.

It can help you come across as more modest, or it can send a message that you aren't interested in what the public thinks — just high-profile individuals.

Take those anonymous donations, for instance.

If someone learns through the grapevine who made that huge charity contribution,

the fact that it wasn't meant to be public makes it seem that much more noble.

Of course, not announcing your donation does mean that far fewer people will know about it.

But maybe it's better for just a handful of powerful people — like the charity, or your closest friends — to know, and to think extra highly of you.

Signal-burying might not win you the widespread benefits that usually come with positive behavior

— but they might snag you some favor among a select few you especially care about.

And that's likely why we keep doing it.

Now, all of this doesn't mean that your choice to downplay your success or conceal a generous donation is always a conscious, plotted-out thing.

It could be, but because the researchers used evolutionary game theory,

what this really tells us is that hiding stuff has proven to be beneficial, which is why it's spread through society.

So, don't feel bad if you naturally do it.

Thanks for watching this episode of SciShow Psych!

People do all kinds of weird and fascinating stuff, and if you'd like to learn more,

you can check out our episode about self-handicapping — or why you keep sabotaging yourself before that big test.

And as always, you can go to youtube.com/scishowpsych and subscribe.

[ ♪ OUTRO ]

For more infomation >> Why We Hide Our Good Deeds - Duration: 5:12.

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Melania Trump Says She's The Most Bullied Person In The World - Duration: 3:53.

During an ABC News interview that aired Thursday morning where Melania Trump, First Lady of

the United States, was speaking with CNN ... or, excuse me, ABC correspondent Tom Llamas, Melania

actually said that she is the most bullied person in the world.

Nobody on this planet has been bullied more than poor Melania Trump.

Here's her exact quote.

She says, "I could say that I'm the most bullied person on the world."

She did say, "on the world," to which Llamas replied, "You think you're the most bullied

person?"

Melania replies, "One of them, if you really see what people are saying about me."

Here's the thing, Melania.

I understand people do make fun of you, they've made fun of your outfits.

But at the same time, you've sent very clear messages with your outfits like, "I don't

really care," when you were going to visit those children that your husband has been

locking in cages.

You literally wore a jacket that said, "I don't really care.

Do U?"

Yeah.

That's going to send a message and that's going to piss people off.

That's not bullying.

That's calling it what it is.

Secondly, maybe you're referring to bullying that you're getting at home because we all

know that your husband is a major bully.

He bullies everybody.

He insults their appearance, he insults their intelligence, even though he, himself, is

both a hideous monster and one of the dumbest people to ever walk into the White House,

but he thinks it okay for him to insult other people for the same thing.

Maybe he's the one bullying you back home.

If you need help, there are places that you can call, there are people that you can call,

to get the help that you need if that is what is actually happening here.

I don't think you were trying to send us any kind of coded message that maybe your home

life is a little bit abusive, both mentally and whatever, but nonetheless, you need to

knock it off.

You're doing the same thing that your husband does, which is trying to play the victim when,

in reality, you're the one out there trying to make other people feel small and feel like

crap.

Michelle Obama was attacked relentlessly by Conservatives during her eight years in the

White House to a level that you will never, ever see.

She was attacked by them for wearing a sleeveless dress.

They constantly, and still do today, you can find it on social media, on all these right

wing websites, where they refer to Michelle Obama as formerly a man, comparing her to

a monkey.

They got pissed off because she wanted Americans, God forbid, to eat a little healthier.

They attacked her for months over that.

So, yeah, I think Michelle Obama had it a little bit worse than you do, Melania.

Not to mention the fact, again, and I want to hammer this because this is what's happening,

this is a woman who has been privileged most of her life because of her good looks.

Then she was privileged because she happened to marry a disgusting billionaire.

She is a birther as well.

She pushed the conspiracy theory that Barack Obama was not born in the United States.

She has zero room to say that she is the most bullied person on the world when she, herself,

has engaged in plenty of bullying, she has stood by her husband as he does it, and now

both of them, Melania and Donald, want to act like they're the real victims here.

Nothing could be further from the truth.

What we've learned about Melania since she came into the White House is that she is just

as disgusting, just as despicable, and just as corrupt as her husband is.

For more infomation >> Melania Trump Says She's The Most Bullied Person In The World - Duration: 3:53.

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Season 3 Official Trailer (2018) | Baroness von Sketch Show | IFC - Duration: 1:06.

Woman: Hands up! This is the police! Hands up! Hands up!

Let's go! Let's go! Everybody, be cool! Be cool!

Karen?

Monica? -Hello.

-How you been? -Well, you know, I've been better.

♪ It's been a long time ♪

All: Heeeey!

I always come to these things hoping that I can meet someone.

-I can help you out there. -Really?

Watch this -- Oh, my God.

I can't believe you've never seen "Die Hard."

[ Men all shouting ]

-Oh. -Caitlin's here.

She's too quirky. It's too much.

I don't want it. -Ooh.

It looks like a fabric store threw up on her.

♪ I know you want it ♪

-This is a preserving agent. -Oh.

If you have a leftover half bottle of wine --

Um...I'm sorry, I don't follow.

-Well, if you're on your own... -Mm-hmm.

...so you can't drink the whole bottle.

Why?

♪♪

For more infomation >> Season 3 Official Trailer (2018) | Baroness von Sketch Show | IFC - Duration: 1:06.

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Alternative Voltron Season 7.2 Opening - "Army" - Duration: 1:47.

Da-da da-da da-da-da

Da-da da-da da-da-da

I hear the echo out there on the street

It's rising up just like a fever dream

Cuts like a dagger when I try to breathe

The engine's cranking on your war machine

Yeah with the secret hiding in his eyes

We won't be silent hear our voices rise

We won't be silent hear our voices rise (Ohh~! Ohh...)

Until the war is over

We are brothers, not soldiers

Standing shoulder to shoulder

The time is now

Going kamikaze

Won't back down, yeah

You can bring your army, yeah

You can bring your army

But your army can't bring me down

Almost there

You better know it's your last breath

You can bring your army, yeah

You can bring your army

But your army can't bring me down

Yeah

I'm going kamikaze on you now

You can bring your army, yeah

You can bring your army

But your army can't bring me down

For more infomation >> Alternative Voltron Season 7.2 Opening - "Army" - Duration: 1:47.

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Crear tu sitio facilmente con Bookmark - Duration: 7:35.

For more infomation >> Crear tu sitio facilmente con Bookmark - Duration: 7:35.

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Get great portraits using backlighting - Duration: 3:08.

For more infomation >> Get great portraits using backlighting - Duration: 3:08.

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A JOVEM SEREIA QUE SE APAIXONOU PELO TRITÃO ( ESPECIAL DIA DAS CRIANÇAS ) - Duration: 13:22.

For more infomation >> A JOVEM SEREIA QUE SE APAIXONOU PELO TRITÃO ( ESPECIAL DIA DAS CRIANÇAS ) - Duration: 13:22.

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Crowd Chants 'Fight' After He Tells Them To Kick Republicans - Duration: 3:18.

For more infomation >> Crowd Chants 'Fight' After He Tells Them To Kick Republicans - Duration: 3:18.

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NeorGaming7 anthem song | beat it your enemy (music video) - Duration: 4:30.

this is the song you are all waiting for

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